The poor overcoat – one of the most important garments in the male wardrobe, yet the one that somehow gets overlooked time and time again. This isn’t to say you don’t have one, of course. Rather that, when you need one, it’s bought less with a sense of excitement as of tedium. One needs an overcoat, rather than wants one. It’s that protective layer required between destinations, where you shrug off the winter weather and unveil the clothing you really like.

And yet the overcoat needs to work in ways few other items of clothing do: it needs to stand up to the elements and be able to take repeated soakings; it needs to stand up to repeated wear, since this is one garment that, unlike most others, gets put on daily; and, for that reason, it needs to look more or less right with most of your clothes, smart and casual. If you’re buying that cerise, fur-trimmed bum-freezer fashion number, good luck to you. For everyone else – as with shoes, which also have to take a lot of abuse – it pays to invest. A few extra quid is well worth it if you’re buying classic such as these below.

The Covert/Crombie Coat

Crombie

Thank Scottish weaver John Crombie, and a request from the Russian royal family for a coat suitable for wear in the country, for the covert coat. It’s named from the French “couvert” (a shady place or thicket) with its contrast velvet collar, ticket pocket, poacher’s inside pocket, distinctive bands of reinforcing stitching at cuff and hem and created in a smooth, thorn-proof, fawn or charcoal fabric.

This single-breasted, sometimes button-covered covert coat became the template for the Crombie coat – essentially the same design but in a heavier weight wool. Both coats, for all of their upscale histories, can seem a tad spivvy, a touch Arthur Daly, in much the same way as the Chesterfield (another coat close on the same evolutionary branch of outerwear) can seem overly formal. But the clean, sharp lines makes this style ideal for wear over a suit – which is why it became a favourite of Churchill, Kennedy, Sinatra. Does it also work over sweatshirt and jeans? Just about. Note: Churchill, Kennedy and Sinatra rarely wore sweatshirt and jeans.

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The Peacoat

Reiss

Maybe it’s its military origins, but the peacoat always has a touch of machismo about it. Yet it’s about as hardy a coat as you could wish to have. A development of the short, double-breasted reefer jackets designed for sailors of the 19th century Royal Navy in a bid to smarten them up for official presentations, the definitive peacoat is that created for the US Navy in the run up to the Second World War.

Made of a dense Melton wool, with a collar that, stood up, positively cocooned the head, a broad double-breasted fastening – first with eight and later with six buttons – that kept the Atlantic cold from vital organs, and two deep, corduroy-lined hand-warmer pockets, this peacoat has been copied endlessly. It’s a bone fide icon. What’s better still, get a sufficiently longer cut version and it works as well over tailoring as it does casualwear.

Get the calf-length version with gold buttons and that’s a bridge coat – also of a naval heritage, but hard to pull off down the pub.

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The Duffel Coat

It’s hard to look at the duffel coat without thinking of Paddington Bear. Dispel that from your mind and think more of, say, Field Marshall Bernard Montgomery, leader of the Eighth Army, wartime renegade and a man who loved the style. The duffel was a garment that didn’t belong to any one service but which came to be associated with the Navy. It supplied duffel coats to sailors and merchant seamen to wear on deck duty, whatever the weather.

A simple, unlined, mid-thigh-length woollen coat, with big patch pockets and a hood, its toggle fastening was said to be easy to fasten while wearing gloves and/or when you could no longer feel your fingers. Indeed, nobody owned their duffel coat: it was a general purpose item picked up by whoever needed it at the time – rating or officer alike – and left for the next man afterwards. That’s probably not an arrangement that will work for you. But here’s a coat works well over casualwear. Unexpectedly perhaps, it also looks good over suiting, particularly in a dark shade, and on a man ready to carry it off.

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The Car Coat

Hawes & Curtis

A car coat? Like, a coat designed for wearing in a car? Yes, precisely that. Once upon a time cars were very poorly insulated. Go even further back – to the early 1900s, when the car coat emerged – and they didn’t even have roofs. The car coat provided the solution to otherwise being both very cold and spoiling your “good” clothes underneath, and it’s an elegantly simple one at that.

The car coat is basically a single-breasted dense woollen layer, buttoned up to the neck, with a collar that can be turned up against the wind. It typically has two diagonal front welt pockets and is cut relatively short, to the upper thigh, with a slight A-line flair and without a rear vent, precisely to make it comfortable while seated.

It’s about a stripped back a coat design as one might imagine – practical, functional and easy to wear, which is why it was, in essence, the progenitor of the mac, which is in effect a car coat in a lighter waterproof fabric. The car coat is probably the least complicated of all coat designs, making it easy to wear in any way you choose.

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The Parka

Massimo Dutti

Is the parka an overcoat or just a coat? The latter is arguably less versatile when it comes to dressing up. It’s another military garment, of course, so the design itself is impeccable. First issued in 1945 as part of a “cold-weather system” – an unlined hooded outer came with a warm liner – it was finessed in 1948 and again, for the Korean War, in 1951, and then again in 1965. The most recent iteration being the fishtail version beloved of mods and Liam Gallagher, in a faster-drying cotton/nylon blend fabric, with a detachable fur-trimmed hood. It comes loose fitting, but has belts and strings that ensures you and whatever you are wearing below remain protected against the elements.

Therefore, it – and the many variants now on offer: shorter ones, brighter ones, ones for climbing Everest, others more for a country walk – certainly works as a coat. The question is whether the style, undoubtedly good dressed down, still works when you need to look a little more polished. With the right pieces (think smart-casual and business-casual, rather than full-on three-piece), it certainly does.

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